Mexican American War

Mexican American War

AJ D., Writer/Editor

The Mexican American war took place from 1846 to 1848, the war helped to fulfill America’s “manifest destiny” to expand the US territory all across the entire Northern continent. The Mexican-American war was the US first war fought on foreign soil, over 25,000 Mexican soldiers died in the 2-year war but only 13,283 US soldiers died. The US doubled its territory while Mexico lost half of its land.

 

What is Manifest Destiny?

  Manifest Destiny is defined as the “19th-century doctrine or belief that the expansion of the US throughout the American continents was both justified and inevitable”. The phrase manifest destiny began in 1845, the main idea was that everyone in the US was destined by god to expand/spread democracy and capitalism across the entire northern continent. By expanding their territory it caused tensions between nations which led to the Mexican-American war.

What started the war?

The main cause of the Mexican-American war was the US’s westward expansion. Throughout the 19th century, Americans felt like it was their duty to expand their territory westward. They Firmly believed at the time they could conquer the people living in neighboring areas and take it for themselves. They began moving towards Mexico, this caused tension which eventually started a gruesome war with over 38,000 casualties. A small skirmish started the war, Mexican cavalry felt threatened by the advancing US soldiers so they attacked them and then sieged an American fort by the Rio Grande River.

 

Impacts on heritage

In 1984 after the US won the war the US territory almost doubled from the original size after Mexico lost present-day California, Utah, Nevada, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico. After gaining all this land the US did not know what to do with it so they had to discuss and divide the land between the Northerners and Southerners. The war ended with the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and Mexico received 15 million dollars to give the US the rights to Texas. The Mexican-Americans who lived in old Mexico territories that were conquered were forced to become US citizens and their land was ruled by the United States of America. Many Mexican-Africans were stripped of their land causing anger and conflict in the 1900s

 

End of the war

Mexico ceded nearly all its land as well as money, millions were spent in the war yet they still lost. What was left of Mexico was deeply saddened by the loss of land, money, and most importantly lives. On the other hand, the USA had too many lands to divide and they prospered on high hopes after the war. The US had way fewer casualties and money cuts then Mexico, they did not feel the bad aftershock when the war ended.