How Venezuela Gained Independence From Spain

Nicholas R.

In our recent history lessons, we have been learning about U.S history and the interesting results behind it. As we learned about how the U.S conquered nearby land we researched how Spain had much of their land conquered during the 1800s. This story was written by Nicholas R. to gain more knowledge about countries that conquered Spain.

During 1522, Venezuela was colonized by Spain and stayed this way for about 3 centuries until revolution from Venezuela began, heavily pushing for their independence from Spain. Venezuela became colonized through expeditions led by Columbus and Alonso de Ojeda until they reached the coast of present-day Venezuela in 1498 and 1499, ultimately claiming the land for Spain and soon colonizing it for themselves. Eventually, people began to resent the Spanish rule, and by the 1800s, people were talking openly about freedom due to high taxes, limited opportunities, and mismanagement of the colony. This turmoil from Venezuela slowly grew to create more drive for the small nation to resent their rule. 


 This independence movement from Venezuela began from a group of Venezuelan natives boldly proclaiming their country an independent republic in 1797, however, their efforts failed, although leading the path for further independence to be sought. During this time and soon after, Venezuela was a leader in Latin America’s Independence movement. Led by visionary radicals such as Simón Bolívar and Francisco de Miranda, Venezuela was the first of the South American Republics to formally break away from Spain. This monumental movement took place in 1811 and was an immense turning point for Venezuela. According to ThoughtCo, “Simón Bolívar, José Félix Ribas, and Francisco de Miranda pushed for unconditional independence, and on July 5, 1811, the congress approved it, making Venezuela the first South American nation to formally sever all ties with Spain.” However, unfortunately for Venezuela, the decade or so that followed was extremely bloody, with unspeakable atrocities on both sides and several decisive battles. However, in the end, the nationalists prevailed, finally securing Venezuelan independence in 1821, which still stands today. In conclusion, after many years of fighting and seeking independence from Spain, Venezuela achieved its goals and ended their tyranny rule from Spain.